Global Eco-Industrial Parks Programme - Ukraine: Country Level Intervention

Industrial Parks

An industrial park is an area zoned and planned for the purpose of industrial development. Industrial parks are usually located on the edges of, or outside the main residential areas of a city. Industrial parks are usually located close to transport facilities, especially where more than one transport modes are accessible, including highways, railroads, airports, and ports. 

The idea of setting land aside through this type of zoning is based on several concepts:

  • to be able to concentrate dedicated infrastructure in a delimited area to reduce the per-business expense of that infrastructure. Such infrastructure includes roadways, railroad sidings, ports, high-power electric supplies, communications means, large-volume water supplies, and high-volume gas lines;
  • to be able to attract new business by providing an integrated infrastructure in one location;
  • to set aside industrial land away from urban areas to try to reduce the environmental and social impact of industrial land use on residential areas.

Industrial Parks have played an important role in the economic growth of many developing and advanced-developing nations. These parks provide tailored infrastructure and business services, and they have become a successful model for large-scale job creation, transfer of skills and technology, export diversification, and industrial development led by foreign direct investment.