Resource Efficiency and Cleaner Production (RECP) was introduced in 2009 by the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) as an umbrella term that brings together comparable practices that address the issues of cleaner production, eco-efficiency, waste management, pollution prevention, etc. The RECP was promoted in developing and transition countries initially through National Cleaner Production Centres. Over 20-year experience shows that implementation of RECP generally makes good business sense, through cost reductions and productivity and quality improvements. At the same time, it also benefits the environment, communities, and indeed society at large.
RECP is best understood as an approach to efficiently use natural resources (materials, water, and energy), and reduce waste and air emissions. RECP addresses the three sustainability dimensions: